PROTOTYPES AND MODULATION FUNCTIONS OF CLASSICAL AND NOVEL CONFIGURATIONS OF OPTICAL CHOPPER WHEELS

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VIRGIL-FLORIN DUMA

Abstract

OPTICAL CHOPPERS WITH ROTATING WHEELS ARE SOME OF THE MOST USED MACROSCOPIC OPTOMECHATRONIC DEVICES FOR THE CONTROLLED MODULATION, ATTENUATION OR OBSCURATION OF LIGHT IN A WIDE AREA OF APPLICATIONS. WE DISCUSS AND COMPARE THE MODULATION FUNCTIONS PRODUCED BY TWO TYPES OF CHOPPER WHEELS: THE CLASSICAL DEVICE, WITH WINDOWS WITH LINEAR EDGES, AND THE ECLIPSE CHOPPER (WITH WINDOWS WITH CIRCULAR EDGES) THAT, TO THE BEST OF OUR KNOWLEDGE, WE HAVE INTRODUCED. THIS DISCUSSION IS BASED ON THE ANALYSIS AND THE DESIGN WE HAVE PREVIOUSLY DEVELOPED FOR THESE VARIOUS
DEVICES, FOR TOP-HAT (CONSTANT OVER THE ENTIRE SECTION) LIGHT BEAM  DISTRIBUTIONS. WHILE THE COMPARISON OF THE DIFFERENT SHAPES OF TRANSMITTED SIGNALS ALLOWS FOR THE PROPER CHOICE OF THE MOST APPROPRIATE DEVICE AND PARAMETERS TO OBTAIN THE MODULATION FUNCTION THAT IS FIT FOR A CERTAIN APPLICATION, THE PRESENT WORK ALSO PRESENTS THE MECHANICAL SETUP WE HAVE DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED FOR TESTING CHOPPERS WITH ROTATING WHEELS. A SERIES OF PROTOTYPE WHEELS WITH DIFFERENT, OPTIMIZED PROFILES WERE OBTAINED FOR THE PURPOSE. THE SIMULATION AND THE ELECTRO-EROSION PROGRAMS FOR THE WIRE ELECTROEROSION OF ALUMINUM PLATES TO MANUFACTURE THE WHEELS ARE PRESENTED. AN ADVANTAGEOUS DOUBLE WHEEL SOLUTION HAS BEEN DEVELOPED TO OBTAIN WHEELS WITH WINDOWS OF DIFFERENT SHAPES AND SIZES, AND THE TESTING OF THIS FINAL ASSEMBLY CONCLUDES THE STUDY.

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Author Biography

VIRGIL-FLORIN DUMA, Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad, Romania

Dr Duma is Professor of Mechanical Engineering since 2006 at the Aurel Vlaicu Univ. Arad, and head of the 3OM Optomechatronics Group. He received his PhD, cum laude, in Fine Mechanics in 2001, from Politehnica Univ. of Timisoara, after graduating at the same university in 1991, summa cum laude. He is author of over 120 publications in journals and conferences, 15 books & book chapters, and has 5 patents requests. His research interests are in Measuring Systems and Optomechatronics. He was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow at the Univ. of Rochester, NY, USA (2009-2010) and is currently a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Univ. of Kent, UK. He is a member of OSA and Photonics21, and a Senior Member of SPIE.